There are tall buildings in the northwest. It is one of the 19 ancient poems in the Han Dynasty, but when many people read this poem, they will find that the two poems are a little strange, which seems to be different from the five-character poems after the Tang and Song dynasties, but they cannot say why?
Read the poem carefully, you will find that there are two differences, and Tang poetry is different. This difference, in fact, from the Southern and Northern dynasties Qiliang period began to form. Take a full look at the poem:
There are tall buildings in the northwest. Cross Shu Qi window, A Pavilion triple steps. On the string song, the sound of a sad! Who can do this song, no wife is Qi Liang. Qing merchants follow the wind, the middle song is wandering. There's a lot of generosity. Those who sing are bitter, but they know little. Be willing to fly for a double swan. I. Top end
In the paper, the author records the poetic theory of tang dynasty, which he learned as an envoy of tang dynasty. In this book, the author explains four diseases in detail.
The fifth word in the five-character poem shall not sound like the tenth word. It's called the end. The poem said,\" there are tall buildings in the northwest. The fifth word is: building, the tenth word is: Qi. This is a disease of poetry.
Shen yo et al. said the four voices are flat, up, go, enter. Building, Qi, are flat, so is the same voice. This situation is called: the upper end. Is the second of the eight.
Or cloud: such as land machine poem said:\" decline grass long river, cold wood into smoke.\" The river is level with the smoke. ) At the end of this period, Qi and Liang have come forward. However, if the poet after Qi Liang will appear on the end, it will be regarded by others as a layman, do not know how to write poetry:
Qi and Liang have come, and there are no prisoners. This is a serious disease. If the offender, the literati think that the text is not involved. If we pay attention to the poems after Qiliang and even after Tang Dynasty, we will find that most poets will avoid the disease of the last. For example
Chao hair incense [Temple], Xi Ji Fen Yin [River]. Since then, the moths have been gathered. Make up doubtful Zhanlu, around the imaginary flow wave. When the sun rises in the sand, it turns more. Hu feng attack muscle bone, non-direct injury qiluo. Runny try south to see, guanshan shaga. The beginning makes the spring song, finally becomes the bitter cold song. Only three or five nights pass by. The first sentence ends: the temple, is to go to the sound; the second sentence ends: the river, is the flat sound. Including the following verses are so singular that they are all narrow and even.
Thousands of miles to the east. He broke the river and flew high north. At the end of the first sentence, the guest is in the sound, and at the end of the second sentence, the flat sound. The third goose, is to go to the sound, the fourth sentence flies, is the flat sound.
A dandy is not hungry. Father-in-law try to listen, bitch please show. Past youth day, early to watch the state guests. When you read, you write like a god. .....。 The end of the first sentence: death, is the sound, the end of the second sentence: body, is flat. The following singular sentence, listening, day, volume are all narrow voice, Chen, object, God is flat voice.
The rhyme is not the disease. Such as \"green riverside grass, continuous thinking far road\" is also. The first rhyming word is the secret of the literary mirror. For example, Shen Yue's \"Sunrise Southeast Corner \":
The sun rises out of the sun. The city is full of beauty. The extension of the body like a slender, left to look back. Yao clothes reflect the layer of Qi, Jinfu Xuan Diao Luan. Fortunately with Kuang, Xi Shi served Qin Guan. The sword hangs the jade shellfish, the sweat horse adorns the golden saddle. Runs the field class to turn the snow, the escape control writes the Teng Luan. Luo Yi Xi untied belt, jade hairpin twilight crown. The end of the first sentence: Dan, the end of the second sentence: the end, two words sound the same, but rhyme, is not the end. A friend who knows the verse knows that the first sentence of the verse, if it ends in flat tones, must rhyme. Therefore, it is noted that the Yongming body of the four sounds and eight diseases is the embryonic form of the rhythm poem, which directly affects the formation of the Tang Dynasty.
Hu ma big wan name, front edge thin bone. Bamboo batch ears, wind into the four hoofs light. What is empty and wide is worthy of death. It's like this. It's a million miles away. Name, first sentence flat, rhyme.
The moon [light] in front of the bed is like the earth [frost]. Looking up at the moon, thinking of hometown. After Qi Liang's poets pay special attention to avoid the end, of course, there will be poets who do not care, such as Li Bai's \"Xiu Hua Ting\"
Looking at Jiuhua [Feng], it is true that Jiuhua [Hua]. The face of the snow, strange state of clouds. The obsidian day condenses into brocade, the Ling Xiao increases the cliff. When the shadow is shining, the heavens make the cave fairy. [Peak ],[ Hua] in tune but not in rhyme.
There are tall buildings in the northwest, and the clouds are on the same level. Qi [Shangping eight Qi] Jiao Shujie Qi window, A GE three steps. There are strings and songs on the steps. How sad is the sound! Sad [Shangping four] who can this song, is not Qi Liang wife. Wife [Shangping eight Qi] Qing Shang with the wind, Zhongqu is wandering. Linger [flat ten ash] repeatedly sigh, generous have more sorrow. The singer is bitter, but his voice is thin. Wishing to be a double swan, wielding one's wings. It can be seen that there are [Shangping eight Qi ][ Shangping nine best ][ Shangping four ][ Shangping ten gray ][ Shangping five micro] five rhyme parts.
Ancient poetry can change rhyme, but according to the law of rhyme change, we can see that at least the first eight sentences certainly did not change rhyme. But there are still three different rhymes in the first eight sentences:[ top eight ][ top nine ][ top four].
"Branch, micro, Qi" is a class," branch micro "is closer, they are far from" Qi ". 。.。 "Good, gray" is a class. As can be seen from "Chinese Poetry and Rhythmology ", these five rhymes were different as neighbor rhymes after the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
Thousands of birds fly away. Solitary boat coir hat Weng, fishing alone cold river snow. Liu Zongyuan to sing the river fishing Weng, to rely on their own pride and frustrated feelings, may not be written scene. The same is true of this song, The High Building in the Northwest. Many people think that this is the virtual realm of poets.
The ancients often used the simian woman to describe the talented person who never met, the poet used the listener's angle to portray another self who lacked the bosom friend. To pity others is to pity oneself. And this \"one and three sighs, the generosity of the rest of the mourning\" the image of Qiliang wife, is the true poet's soul portrayal.
Be willing to fly for a double swan. Of the 19 ancient poems, the most written is the theme of wandering and thinking women, reflecting the frustration, loss and pain of the underlying intellectuals. Simple language and sincere feelings, good at the use of fun and sustenance techniques, for posterity's poetry creation far-reaching impact.
The previous poems of the Southern and Northern dynasties, which read as if they were different from those of the Tang and Song dynasties, were two common reasons for the change of the upper tail and the rhyme foot. \"Wenjing Secret House theory,\" mentioned\" green river grass, think far.\" From the Han Yuefu \"Drinking Horse Great Wall Grottoes \":
Green river grass, think far. Far from thinking, I dreamt of it. Dream in my side, suddenly feel in another country. Different counties, toss and turn. The dead mulberry knows the wind, the sea knows the cold. Get started and talk to each other. The guest comes from far away, leaves me double carp. Huer cooking carp, there are ruler of the book. Long kneel to read the book, the book unexpectedly he Ru. On the words plus food, the next words long memory. In the first eight sentences, every two sentences change the rhyme. Both lines rhyme, so avoid the top end. However, there is a disease of the last:
The withered mulberry knows the sky [wind], the sea knows the sky [cold]. Did you find out? 9.10,11,12, these four sentences are a set of rhymes, but turn over the disease. The first two sentences of a poem are not the only ones at the end.